Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly contagious disease caused by bacteria that usually attacks the lungs. Here are some preventive measures you can take to avoid getting TB:
Get vaccinated: If you live in a country where TB is common, it is recommended that you get vaccinated with the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine. However, this vaccine does not guarantee complete protection against TB.
Practice good hygiene: TB bacteria can spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. To avoid getting infected, it is important to maintain good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently with soap and water, covering your mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing, and disposing of used tissues safely.
Avoid close contact with infected people: If you know someone who has TB, try to avoid close contact with them until they have completed their treatment.
Maintain a healthy lifestyle: A healthy diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep can help strengthen your immune system and reduce your risk of getting TB.
Take precautions while traveling: If you are traveling to a country where TB is common, take precautions such as avoiding crowded areas and wearing a mask to reduce your risk of getting infected.
Get tested: If you think you have been exposed to TB or have symptoms such as a persistent cough, fever, night sweats, and weight loss, get tested immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent the spread of TB and improve your chances of complete recovery.
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